Copyright © Panorama Group 1991 - 2021
Copyright © Panorama Group 1991 - 2021
Spatial data infrastructure (SDI) is a system of basic spatial data, metadata, standards and regulations, information nodes, geo services for access and exchange of geographic information resources.
The technology for building a spatial data infrastructure based on KB Panorama software products complies with the international standards ISO 19100, normative documents of European initiative INSPIRE, GOSTs of the Russian Federation and is based on the company's own developments that meet the world's advanced requirements for creating distributed storage and providing wide access to the spatial data of federal, regional and municipal level. Elements of SDI can be conditionally divided into several interconnected subsystems of software products and information resources that are constantly updated in the process of actualization of spatial data:
The implementation of the SDI elements was carried out by the company's specialists in the course of the implementation of projects of varying levels of complexity and volume of spatial data.
Engineering surveys are works carried out for a comprehensive study of the natural conditions of a territory, district, site or land plot for land management, land surveying, cadastral registration, design and construction of real estate. The following types of engineering surveys are distinguished:
Land management includes measures to study the state of land, to plan and organize the rational use of land and their protection, to describe the location and (or) to establish the boundaries of land management objects on the ground, to organize the rational use of land by citizens and legal entities.
Land management objects are territories of subjects of the Russian Federation, territories of municipalities, territories of settlements, territorial zones, zones with special conditions for the use of territories, as well as parts of these territories and zones.
The State Real Estate Cadastre is a systematized set of information on recorded real estate, as well as information on the passage of the State border of the Russian Federation, on the boundaries between the subjects of the Russian Federation, the boundaries of municipalities, the boundaries of settlements, territorial zones and zones with special conditions for the use of territories, other information provided by Federal Law "On the State Real Estate Cadastre".
The State Real Estate Cadastre is a federal state information resource. Cadastral registration is carried out in relation to land plots, buildings, constructions, premises, objects under construction.
In addition, information on land management in relation to the borders of the Russian Federation, borders between subjects of the Russian Federation, borders of municipalities and settlements, as well as a description of the boundaries of territorial zones and zones with special conditions for the use of the territory are posted in the SREC.
Territorial planning and design is the theory and practice of the most rational organization of the territory and the location within it of production enterprises, communications and population settlement sites, taking into account its geographical, economic, architectural-construction and civil-engineering factors and conditions. Territorial planning is based on taking into account spatial territorial patterns of distribution of natural, social and economic phenomena and their interactions.
Territorial planning and designing is a key element of urban development activity - the development of territories, including cities and other settlements, carried out in the form of territorial planning, urbam zoning, territory planning, architectural design, construction, general overhaul, reconstruction of capital construction facilities, operation of buildings, constructions. Town-planning activity is regulated by the Town-planning Code and other federal laws and regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as laws and other regulatory legal acts of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
Urban development refers to the activities of state bodies, local governments, individuals and legal entities in the field of urban development of territories and settlements, taking into account the interests of citizens, public and state interests, as well as national, historical, cultural, environmental, natural and other features of specific territories. Urban planning activities are aimed at creating favorable conditions for the living of the population by urban planning means, limiting the harmful effects of economic and other activities on the environment and its rational use in the interests of present and future generations.
The three-dimensional terrain model in the GIS "Panorama" is a surface constructed taking into account the terrain, on which an image of a vector, raster or matrix map can be superimposed, and three-dimensional objects located on it corresponding to objects of a two-dimensional map. It is a full three-dimensional map that allows you to select objects on the model in order to query information about the object, edit their appearance and characteristics. On the three-dimensional model, you can see both ground and underground objects.
A road graph is a digital vector map consisting of topologically connected arcs and nodes, the location and properties of which with a given accuracy and completeness transmit the routes and organization of ground transport.
A road graph is created according to the Requirements for navigation charts, including a description of classifiers, rules of digital description, data formats, editorial and technical instructions and other documents. Elements of the road graph are intended for use in tasks on automated laying of route between any given points on the graph.
A road graph is created for selected objects of the road network and is a user map with arcs and nodes. Road's graph editing tools are designed for refining the graph in places of multi-level interchanges and the formation of turns interdictions. The user has the opportunity to manually delete, add network nodes, replace an arc with two-way traffic onto an arc with one-way traffic, paralleling of roads, create arcs and turns, form the interdictions of turns at intersections. The search for the minimum path between points (settlements) is carried out taking into account any characteristics recorded into the network arcs (type of roads, speed, number of carriageways). The shortest route can be found either by the minimum path length or by the minimum travel time of the route.
To effectively manage the facilities of road sector of the federal highways of the Russian Federation in their right of way, work is currently underway on creating cadastral digital orthophotomaps as a GUI for creating GIS for roads. The Siberian State Geodetic Academy completed a series of works in this area for federal highways within the borders of the Novosibirsk and Kemerovo regions. Below there is the technology of these works, including preparatory, field and office work.
Generalization technology is used to convert a map of the original scale into a map of a smaller scale (derived scale).
The map conversion process consists of a number of steps:
GIS "Panorama" allows to carry out edition of individual copies of maps and to form map image in the standard graphic formats used for offset printing. The image of a map can be printed on any output device having driver for OS Windows, or can be saved into formats: TIFF CMYK, PCX CMYK, PostScript.
GIS "Panorama" has tools for export and import of the data of the KML format which is an exchange format of the Google Earth program. Users get the opportunity to visually assess the spatial location of objects of digital map and cities plans by forming 3D models of Google Earth. This allows you to view digital navigation plans of cities in SXF format that are created as part of the GLONASS Federal Target Program, in the Google Earth program.
In general, the technology of monitoring includes the following stages: measuring the indicators of monitoring; gathering of information and consolidation of data; processing results of measurements - transition from measurements in a point to spatial distribution of an indicator by methods of interpolation and extrapolation of data; assessment of the current state of monitoring's indicators and identification of terrain areas where the background values are exceeded; comparison of critical manifestations of processes, phenomena or events with other indicators of monitoring; identification of patterns in the development of a process or phenomenon; forecast of changes in the situation; formation of reports and analytical notes.
The technology of creating topographic maps and topographic plans using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and with the use of PhotoScan software can significantly reduce the cost of aerial photography, and the stage of automated decryption and vectorization according to remote sensing data, developed on the basis of GIS Panorama, simplifies the process of vectoring the linear and areal objects. The technological process consists of three stages: aerial photography of UAVs, pre-processing in PhotoScan software, decryption and vectorization in GIS "Panorama".
Geoinformation systems for agriculture are a tool that provides solutions to the main problems that determine success in today's market - the availability of timely objective information, the ability to make the right management decisions and the ability to put these decisions into practice.
Complex of maintaining the regional geoportal "the Geoportal Region" is intended for conducting bank of spatial data, publication of the digital cartographical information, data of remote sensing the Earth, thematic information from databases, documents, navigation information, the organisation of remote interaction with the automated control systems, systems of monitoring a state of terrain, transport management, ensuring of urban development tasks, conducting a cadastre of land and real estate and others.
The software of the regional geoportal complex is listed in the Register of Certified Information Security Means of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and can be used to process information classified as "secret."